Real Trees, Fake Trees, and Fire Facts - the Real Scoop!
Holiday Safety Facts:
- According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), approximately one tenth of one percent (0.12%) of residential fires involve a Christmas Tree -- both real and artificial.
- At NO time can a Real Christmas Tree START or CAUSE a fire. Christmas Trees do not spontaneously combust.
- In 1998 more than 32 million Real Christmas Trees were used in the U.S. Of these, only 0.00093% were ignited in home fires.
- Christmas Trees are not as likely to be the first item ignited in residential fires as many other common household items:
- newspapers and magazines -- 13 times more likely
- boxes or bags -- 10 times more likely
- curtains or drapes -- 9 times more likely
- Overloaded electric outlets and faulty wires are the most common causes of holiday fires in residences - these types of fires can be just as dangerous with an artificial tree.
The National Fire Protection Association tracks fires and their causes. According to their data, of all residential fires, Christmas Trees, both Real and fake, are ignited in less than 1/10 of one percent (0.1%) of all the home fires. Keep that in mind if you see a sensational blazing tree on the "Action News". These trees are often doused in a flammable liquid or cut many months prior to harvest time. Trees that are kept fresh during the holiday season using the NCTA care tips are extremely difficult to ignite.
The Real Test:
In 2004, the Farmington Hills Fire Department in metropolitan Detroit conducted a test of how real and artificial trees react in a house fire. The artificial tree, which was advertised as “flame retardant,” did resist the flames for an amount of time, but then was engulfed in flames and projected significant heat and toxic smoke, containing hydrogen chloride gas and dioxin.
This article, photos, and links used with permission from the National Christmas Tree Association.
Tips for a Safe Tree:
• Be sure your tree has a "fresh cut" before you put it in your stand. A cut tree trunk will seal over within 12 hours or so - and then it will not soak up water.
• If you purchased your tree at a choose & cut farm, put it in water as soon as you get it home (your stand or a bucket). If you bought it from a retail store or tree lot, and did not get a fresh cut at the time of purchase, you should saw about one-half inch off the bottom of the trunk, then put it in water.
• Do not make an angled cut, or remove bark above the water line. The tree needs its outer bark layer to adequately drink water.
• Keep your tree watered! A fresh tree, especially a Fraser Fir, should not need any preservatives, additives, or fire retardants.
• All Christmas tree varieties have a quantity of old, dry needles within the older branches of the tree. The bulk of these will fall off readily, and can be removed easily before you put the tree in its stand. Simply repeatedly drop the tree trunk on an outdoor surface until most of the needles have fallen. This will simplify cleanup during your holiday season. Fraser Firs needles rarely become dry enough to fall off throughout even a month of indoor display.
• Avoid over-loading your electrical outlets, or plugging too many lights strings together.
• Unplug your decorative lights when you leave your home or go to bed.
• Keep any heat or fire sources a safe distance from your tree or furniture.